Lake Washington Institute of Technology (LWTech) uses a numeric grading system for most courses. Instructors may report grades from 4.0 to 0.7 in 0.1 increments and the grade of 0.0. Grades in the range of 0.6 to 0.1 are not assigned. A grade of 0.7 earns credits; however, a minimum grade of 2.0 is required for a number of purposes including technical courses, academic core requirements, progression in a sequence of classes, to satisfy a prerequisite, and graduation requirements. Numerical grades may be considered equivalent to letter grades as follows:
|3.9 - 3.7||A-|
|3.6 - 3.3||B+|
|3.2 - 3.0||B||Above-average performance|
|2.9 - 2.7||B-|
|2.6 - 2.3||C+|
|2.2 - 2.0||C||Average performance|
|1.9 - 1.7||C-|
|1.6 - 1.3||D+|
|1.2 - 1.0||D||Minimum performance|
|0.9 - 0.7||D-|
|0.6 - 0.0||F||Unsatisfactory performance|
An incomplete grade may be given if the student is doing passing work, is unable to complete the requirements of the course during the quarter and can complete the requirements within a contracted period of time. The student does not re-register for the course in a later quarter to remove the incomplete within the contracted period of time.
When an I (Incomplete) grade is given by an instructor, a contract is filed with Enrollment
Services stating the work necessary to remove the Incomplete, a date for completion,
and the grade earned if not completed. Incomplete coursework must be completed by
the required date as established by the instructor (this date may be no later than
the end of the subsequent quarter of enrollment). At the time of graduation, the Incomplete
will be changed to a 0.0 or to the grade assigned on the contract.
Audit means the student registered on a space-available basis to attend the class
and to listen, but not do graded work. The N grade does not earn credit and does not
affect the GPA. The audit grade option must be approved by the instructor and submitted
to Enrollment Services by the eighth week of the quarter.
NG means the course is "not graded" for any student taking the course. This applies,
for example, to some non-credit courses. It would not appear on graded, credit courses.
NG does not affect the GPA and does not earn credits. It does not indicate whether
a student attended, just that the student enrolled.
The qualifier R on a transcript means a course has been repeated, and is excluded
from credits and grade point average. A student may repeat any course taken at LWTech
in which a grade of less than 2.0 or a U was earned. All grades will still appear
on the transcript whether repeated or not. If the most recent grade is lower than
the earlier grade, the student may request the registrar to count just the higher
grade in the GPA.
S/U grading is used for work experience, clinical, and skill development courses.
The S indicates a satisfactory level of performance by the student. By assigning an
S grade, the instructor certifies a performance level of at least a 2.0 or higher.
Credit is earned but the S does not affect the GPA calculation. A U grade is assigned
when the level of performance is below 2.0. A U grade does not earn credit and does
not affect the GPA.
A student may officially withdraw from any course through the eighth week of the quarter
(or the equivalent for a short course or courses with irregular start or end dates)
by completing a withdrawal form and submitting it to Enrollment Services. Official
withdrawals occurring after the tenth instructional day of the quarter are posted
with a W on the student's permanent transcript. Withdrawals do not count in the GPA
calculations and cannot be assigned by faculty in the grading process.
A Y grade is given to students who are doing passing coursework in basic skill classes
(ABE, ESL, etc.) but need additional instruction and time to complete course requirements.
Students are required to re-register for the course and pay all tuition and any other
charges. The Y remains on the transcript for the quarter assigned, while the final
grade will be posted to the quarter in which the student re-enrolled in the course.
The Y grade earns no credit and does not affect the GPA.
Students who attend briefly, rarely, or not at all, and who fail to withdraw from
a course with a W grade, may be assigned a grade of Z if appropriate in the judgment
of an administrator. The Z grade does not earn credit and does not count in the GPA
This symbol (asterisk) means the grade has not been assigned yet. The student should
consult with his or her instructor. This grade does not affect the GPA and does not
earn credits. Note however that a * grade could prevent a student from receiving honors,
impede financial aid eligibility, block graduation, or result in a student being considered
in academic difficulty. It is important that all enrolled courses be assigned valid
In order to compensate for the effects of circumstances in a student's past that may have negatively affected his or her GPA, LWTech offers a grade forgiveness policy. This procedure can be accomplished through an appeal filed with the registrar. The following criteria must be met to be eligible for such an appeal:
All courses in a given quarter are removed from the GPA but remain on the student's transcript. This appeal can be requested by turning in a letter of appeal to the registrar in Enrollment Services. A determination will be made whether grade forgiveness is appropriate on a case-by-case basis.
NOTE: Grade forgiveness can only be granted once.
Grades previously forgiven will not be reinstated. Also if a student is transferring
to another college, that college may not recognize the grade forgiveness previously
granted at Lake Washington Institute of Technology.
Students are responsible for maintaining standards of academic progress and following course procedures established by instructors. The purpose of allowing a grade appeal is to protect students from prejudiced, arbitrary, or capricious academic evaluation. Students are responsible for following the grade appeal process as described in the current LWTech Student Handbook available in any student services office.
In such circumstance, grades may be appealed using the Grade Appeal Form. The Grade Appeal Form must be submitted to Enrollment Services.
The grade point average indicates the general achievement of the student. The quarterly GPA includes only classes for that specific quarter; the cumulative GPA includes all classes which comprise the student's academic history at LWTech. GPA is calculated by dividing the grade points by the number of credits of the courses for which the student was awarded a decimal grade. Grade points are calculated by multiplying the number of credits by the numeric value of the grade for each course. The calculation does not include courses for which the student was awarded Z, Y, N, W, I, S, U, or other non-decimal grades.
|5 credits x 3.7 = 18.5 grade points.|
|5 credits x 4.0 = 20 grade points.|
|Total grade points: 18.5 + 20 = 38.5.|
|Total credits taken for a decimal grade: 5 + 5 = 10.|
|GPA: 38.5 grade points divided by 10 credits = 3.85.|
The GPA is calculated for each quarter and also for all quarters combined, which is
referred to as a cumulative GPA. Contact Enrollment Services if you have questions
about your GPA.
Grades may be changed by instructors only in cases of clerical errors or subsequent
completion of coursework. It is the student's responsibility to initiate a grade change
with the instructor. A grade change form must be completed, signed by the instructor,
and submitted to Enrollment Services before a grade change becomes official. Students
have 60 days from the end of the quarter to request a grade change (deadlines for
Incomplete grades differ).
After the end of each quarter, grades can be accessed through the college's online services. Grades are not mailed out. Official transcripts are available through Enrollment Services and unofficial transcripts are available on the Web. It is important that students check grades at the end of each quarter and address questions promptly. See grade changes above.