Although Title IX is commonly associated with sex-based discrimination in athletics, the law is much broader. Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 is a federal law that provides:
No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subject to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.
Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in all university/college programs and activities, including, but not limited to admissions, recruiting, financial aid, academic programs, student services, counseling and guidance, discipline, class assignment, grading, recreation, and employment.
Sexual harassment and sexual violence are forms of sex discrimination prohibited by Title IX. Title IX also prohibits retaliation against people for making or participating in complaints of sex discrimination.
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) is a federal civil rights law
that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in federally funded educational
programs and activities. Under Title IX, sexual assault and sexual harassment are
forms of discrimination o n the basis of sex. The Department of Education's Office
for Civil Rights, which enforces Title IX, has recently provided detailed guidance
on how educational institutions like LWTech must investigate and respond to complaints
of sexual assault and sexual harassment. Learn more in Question and Answers on Title IX and Sexual Violence from the Department of Education.
Employee(s), applicant(s), student(s), or visitor(s) of LWTech who alleges that she, he or they/have been subjected to discrimination or harassment.
A description of facts that allege violation of the college’s policy against discrimination or harassment.
A knowing and voluntary agreement to engage in specific sexual activity at the time of the activity. In order to be valid, consent must be knowing, voluntary, active, present and ongoing. Consent is not present when an individual is incapacitated due to alcohol, drugs, sleep or other condition.
Sexual penetration without consent (e.g. rape), sexual contact without consent (e.g. fondling), incest, or statutory rape.
Sexual harassment is an unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature where sexual favors are used or threatened to be used as a basis for academic or employment decisions; where the conduct creates a hostile, intimidating, or offensive academic or working environment; or where other verbal, nonverbal, or physical conduct of a sexual nature that is sufficiently severe, persistent, or pervasive to limit a person's ability to participate in or benefit from an educational program or activity.
Unlawful sexual intercourse or any other sexual penetration of another person, with or without force, by a sex organ, other body part, or foreign object, without the consent of the victim.
Material adverse action taken against any individual for reporting, providing information,
exercising one's rights or responsibilities, or otherwise being involved in the process
of responding to, investigating, or addressing allegations of sexual misconduct.
A California Coalition Against Sexual Assault (CALCASA) study surveying more than 6,000 students at 32 colleges and universities in the U.S. indicates that:
The college's responsibility is to respond promptly and effectively. If the college
knows or reasonably should know about sexual harassment or sexual violence that creates
a hostile environment, the college must take immediate action to eliminate the sexual
harassment or sexual violence, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects. Even
if a student's parent does not want to file a complaint or does not request that the
college take any action on the student’s behalf, if a college knows or reasonably
should know about possible sexual harassment or sexual violence, it must promptly
investigate to determine what occurred and then take appropriate steps to resolve
the situation. A criminal investigation into allegations of sexual harassment or sexual
violence does not relieve the college of its duty under Title IX to resolve complaints
promptly and equitably.
The Title IX Coordinator’s responsibilities include: